Around the Town Hall Hamburg
The town hall of the Hanseatic city is one of its landmarks. Here the city is governed, the mayor receives his visitors and also Greeter meet their guests with pleasure before the city hall entrance, in order to start from here a round course by the city center.
The town hall market is scene of many events and lies at the intersection between old and new town. Together with the Chamber of Commerce building, this area forms the political and economic heart of the city.
In the centre of Hamburg
The town hall and its facade
After the old town hall was destroyed in the great city fire of 1842, it took almost 50 years for Hamburg’s government to be adequately housed again. The new town hall, completed in 1897, was impressive even from the outside and it still is. 112 metres wide and 111 metres high, it represents the self-confidence of the Hanseatic city then and now.
With the choice of the location the city centre was shifted toward the Alster and the town hall was built on marshy ground using 4000 oak piles directly next to the Hamburg stock exchange of 1841. Politics and economics could not be more closely together.
The Town Hall still houses the legislative and executive branches of the city. The Bürgerschaft, Hamburg’s parliament, is located in the left wing of the building, while the Senate, or government, is on the right.
Facade full of symbols
To see all the details of the symbolic facade, it is worth using binoculars or a telephoto lens. The most striking are the twenty bronze statues of emperors which stand between the windows of the first floor with its ceremonial rooms. In the centre are Charlemagne and Frederick Barbarossa – both of whom played important roles in the history of the city of Hamburg .
Above the windows are the coats of arms of Hanseatic cities. Directly above are 28 busts depicting professions. Some are clearly identifiable by their tools. Others represent specific people, on the far left, for example, Mayor Mönckeberg as president of the Bürgerschaft or city council.
In the center of the facade, a bird can be seen above the flagpole. It represents the phoenix, as a symbol of the resurrection of the city after the all-destroying fire of 1842.
The courtyard facade in particular recalls the early history of Hamburg. High up on the walls, one finds the figures of bishops and Schauenburg dukes from the Middle Ages.
Interior views of the town hall
The Rathausdiele (town hall foyer) is almost always freely accessible and at the same time the starting point of the guided tours of the town hall, with which visitors can visit the first or ceremonial floor. On entering the foyer, one sees on the left the two-flight staircase of the Bürgerschaftsflügel (the city parliament wing), on the right the more pompous Senatstreppe (the Senate stairs), at the upper end of which the First Mayor traditionally receives his guests.
The columns show reliefs of worthy Hamburgers, and one also those of Hamburg women. A look in the showcases at the entrance side is worthwhile if you want to learn more about the Hamburg Parliament and Senate.
The first or ceremonial floor
Access to the first floor is only possible as part of a guided tour. It is worth it, because hardly anyone would expect such magnificent rooms, as seen here, in a bourgeois town hall,. The halls are full of allegorical representations representing democracy but also seafaring, decorated with busts of important personalities, furnished with heavy furniture and the walls covered with the finest wallpaper or leather.
A look into the Ratsstube (the name of the meeting room of the Hamburg government) gives an impression of the wealth and self-confidence of the city at the time of the construction of the town hall. The seats of the first mayor and the second mayoress can be recognized by the larger chairs.
Guests of honour sign in the Golden Book of the city. In reality, by the way, it is not a book, but a loose-leaf collection. The highlight of the tour of the floor is the Great Banquet Hall. With a length of 46 metres and an area of 720 square metres it is the largest room in the town hall. It is used for large receptions and banquets, such as the Matthiae meal, which has been held since 1356 and is the oldest banquet in the world still celebrated, to which 400 guests are invited.
After the tour, it is worth leaving the town hall via the inner courtyard. Here you can see the rear facade of the Chamber of Commerce with many city coats of arms of other trading cities and the Hygieia Fountain, which commemorates the cholera epidemic in 1892 and the importance of clean drinking water.
For those who don’t have the opportunity to take a tour of the city hall, the city invites you to take a virtual tour.
Around the town hall
Italy was fashionable, then as now, and so echoes of Italian architectural style prevailed. If you’ve ever been to Bologna, you’ll be reminded of it by the town hall arcades. They were built in 1842 and still house the first and smallest shopping arcade in Hamburg. Worth seeing here are the ceiling paintings rediscovered after a fire, an advertisement from the late 19th century.
If you look from the Rathausmarkt to the west, the building of the Old Post Office stands out, also built after the fire. The branches of the various postal services were gathered here to facilitate posting letters and other items for the citizens. The high tower was for a time the terminus of a line of sight telegraph to the mouth of the Elbe.
To the right of the town hall is the Alte Wall. The entire street, from Rathausmarkt to Adolphsbrücke, has recently been redesigned and now houses offices, stores and the Bucerius Art Forum with changing exhibitions.
If you stand in front of City Hall and look in the other direction, you can see the beginning of Mönckebergstraße, one of the city’s main shopping streets. It is still quite young and was built only at the beginning of the 20th century as a connection to the newly opened central station.
Chamber of Commerce and Adolphsplatz
The use of the building reflects the diverse tasks of the Chamber of Commerce. The Commerzbibliothek, with its valuable stock of books, is open to students in particular, while the WelcomeCenter is aimed at new citizens from abroad. Of interest to visitors are the large models of the convoy ships that protected Hamburg merchants’ ships from pirates in the 17th century and the equally old sea buoy found off Blankenese.
By the way, there is also a small museum on the history of the stock exchange. It is located in the “house in the house”, a new structure incorporated into the old architecture, which alone is worth more than a look. Towards the town hall side, a restaurant invites you to linger, in summer also with seats in the inner courtyard of the town hall.
The square where the Chamber of Commerce building stands is called Adolphsplatz and is named after Duke Adolph IV of Schauenburg, who founded a monastery on this site in 1235. Remains from this period are still found today whenever archaeologists have the opportunity to dig. They provide information about the eventful history of the Hanseatic city and also about the change in the terrain due to the damming of the Alster.
All about "Greets"
- Duration: two to three hours and absolutely free
- Max. 6 people, no combination of different requests
- Meeting point and exact route: by agreement between guest and Greeter
- Request: please at least two weeks before desired date
- More about Greets